10 Countries Which Gained Their Independence Day The Earliest

History has witnessed some great battles, war and what not that have been fought over thousands of years. If we look closely, most of these wars centred around gaining one of life’s most precious treasure – freedom, or to put it into a better word, independence. Many oldest countries in the world gained their independence much earlier, became a source of inspiration for the then captivated and colonised countries. Let’s take a look back into history and try to see the 10 countries which did it first – 10 Countries which are the oldest historical countries in the world.You can also check the newest countries in the world list.

10.   Andorra

Oldest countries in the world

Starting the list at number 10 is Andorra, which gained its independence in the year 1278. With its capital as Andorra la Vella, it stands on a total area of 467 km2. The official language of Andorra is Catalan. Its Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.830, while its nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is $4.510 billion. Some of its famous cities include Arinsal, Soldeu, La Cortinada, El Pas de la Casa, etc. Andorra is famous across the globe for its tourism and tobacco.

9.   Thailand
Worlds Oldest countires on earth

Country of Thailand was the ninth country in the world to gain its independence. It gained its independence in the year 1238 A.D. Its capital is Bangkok, whereas the official language of the country is Thai. Its population is 66,720,153. Its total area is 513,120 km2. Its Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.722. Its nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is $387.253 billion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $964.500 billion. Famous Thai cities are Pattaya, Chiang Mai, Phuket, Hat Yai, etc. It has for ages the rice export capital of the world, until recently, when India and Vietnam took over this feat.

8.   Portugal
Ancient history Portugal

In our list of ‘10 Countries Who Gained Their Independence Day The Earliest’, the country which comes at number 8 is Portugal. It gained its independence in the year 1143 A.D. Its capital is Lisbon, whereas the official language of the country is Portuguese. Its population is 10,427,301. Its total area is 92,212 km2. Its HDI is 0.822. Its nominal GDP is $231.970 billion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $285.439 billion. Famous Portuguese cities are Evora, Sintra, Coimbra, Cascais, etc. It is known for having one of the best education systems in the world, where education is free and compulsory until the age of 18.

7.   Hungary
Oldest countries in the world

Hungary too was way ahead than majority of the world, when it came to fighting for its freedom. It is the seventh country to gain its independence. It gained its independence in the year 1001. Its capital is Budapest, whereas the official language of the country is Hungarian. Its population is 9,877,365. Its total area is 93,030 km2. Its HDI is 0.831. Its nominal GDP is $ $137.228 billion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $202.356 billion. Popular Hungarian cities include Sopron, Pecs, Szeged, Eger, etc. It is the canoeing capital of the world.

6.   Denmark
Countries to gain independence Earliest

Grabbing the sixth spot in this countdown is the European country of Denmark. It gained its independence in the year 10th century A.D. Its capital is Copenhagen, whereas the official language of the country is Danish. Its population is 5,655,750. Its total area is 42,915.7 km2. Its HDI is 0.900. Its nominal GDP is $347.196 billion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $248.683 billion. Prominent cities in the country are Odense, Aalborg, Aarhus, Roskilde, etc. Denmark has one of the world’s highest literacy rate, standing at 99%, and is known for its education around the world.

5.   Austria

oldest historical countries in the world

In our list of ‘10 Countries Who Gained Their Independence Day The Earliest’, the country which comes at number 5 is Austria. It gained its independence in the year 976 B.C. Its capital is Vienna, whereas the official language of the country is German. Its population is 8,572,895. Its total area is 83,879 km2. Its HDI is 0.881. Its nominal GDP is $444.867 billion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is 373.133 billion. Among the famous Austrian cities, some are Salzburg, Klagenfurt, Graz, Innsbruck, among others. It is known for being the home to the world-famous Mohnflesserl – a type of pastry in the shape of a braided bun.

4.   France
Top 10 oldest countries on earth

France is at number 4 in this list. It gained its independence in the year 843 B.C. Its capital is Paris, whereas the official language of the country is French. Its population is 66,616,416. Its total area is 640,679 km2. Its HDI is 0.698. Its nominal GDP is $2.902 trillion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $2.587 trillion. Some of the most famous French cities are Bordeaux, Marseille, Nice, Lyon, Cannes, Lourdes, etc. France leads the world in tourism.

3.   San Marino

countries gained independence  earliest

Size does not matter! And who else can prove it better than the small country of San Marino. When it came to gaining its freedom, it was much ahead than some of the biggest countries that we have today in the world. It gained its independence in the year 301 B.C. Its capital is City of San Marino, whereas the official language of the country is Italian. Its population is 32,576. Its total area is 61.2 km2. Its HDI is 0.875. Its nominal GDP is US$1.44 billion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $1.17 billion. Its famous cities are Borgo Maggiore, Acquaviva, Domagnano, Serravalle, etc. This tiny country holds the record of being the world’s oldest republic country too.

2.   China
Biggest country

The most populous country in the world showed its power and hunger for freedom way ahead than most of the other counties of the world. Coming in at number 2 is China. It gained its independence in the year 221 B.C. Its capital is Beijing, whereas the official language of the country is Standard Chinese. Its population is 1,357,380,000. Its total area is 9,596,961 km2. Its HDI is 0.719. Its nominal GDP is $9.469 trillion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $16.149 trillion. Its famous cities include Shanghai, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Xi’an, etc. The country leads the world in carbon-dioxide emissions and renewable energy. So, in a way, it leads in harming as well as benefiting the environment.

1.   Japan
First country to gain independence

The first country in the world to gain its independence is Japan. It continues to show how this list features so many Asian countries. Japan gained its independence in the year 660 B.C. Its capital is Tokyo. Its population is 126,434,964. Its total area is 377,944 km2. Its HDI is 0.890. Its nominal GDP is $4.770 trillion, while its total Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $4.788 trillion. Some of its famous cities include Kyoto, Osaka, Hakone, Nara, Okazaki, Narita, Tahara, among others. It leads in the creation of robots worldwide.This list has ben compiled for countries gained independence earliest