10 Countries Who Gained Their Independence Day The Latest

Who does not love independence? Every being in this world craves to be themselves, and to be oneself, one needs to be independent; not under the captives of someone. When it comes to countries, the world has witnessed the independence of various nations throughout history. Some have gained during medieval period, some have gained during modern times, while some have gained it during post-modernism period. A total of 196 countries are breathing right now on this planet earth. Since 1990, a number of countries have gained independence, all of whom fall under the new generation of countries. Among them, 10 newbies make it into this list. Let us take a look at 10 countries which has gained their independence the latest among all the nations in the world.

10.   Bosinia and Herzegovina
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Starting off the list at number 10 is Bosnia and Herzgovania. It gained its independence on 3rd March, 1992, from Yugoslavia. Its capital is Sarajevo, whereas the official languages of the country are Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. Its population is 3,871,643. Its total area is 51,197 km2. Its HDI is 0.731. Its nominal GDP is $19.122 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $33.251 billion. Some of its famous cities include Mostar, Tuzla, Zenica, Jajce, Visegrad, etc.

9.   Czech Repuplic

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Czech Republic comes at number 9 as it gained its independence on 1st January, 1993, when Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Its capital is Prague, whereas the official language of the country is Czech. Its population is 10,513,209. Its total area is 78,866 km2. Its HDI is 0.873. Its nominal GDP is $198.537 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $295.891 billion. Prominent cities include Brno, Most, Pilsen, Olomouc, etc.

8.   Slovakia
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Breaking into number 8 in our list of 10 countries which has gained their independence the latest among all the nations in the world is Slovakia. Much the Czech Republic, it gained its independence on 1st January, 1993, when Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Its capital is Bratislava, whereas the official language of the country is Slovak. Its population is 5,415,949. Its total area is 49,035 km2. Its HDI is 0.830. Its nominal GDP is $101.806 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $138.277 billion. Some of its important cities are Kosice, Piestany, Trencin, Levoca, Bardejov, among others.

7.   Eritrea

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In our list of ‘10 Countries Who Gained Their Independence Day The Latest’, the country which comes at number 7 is Eritrea. It gained its independence on 24th May, 1993, from Ethiopia. Its capital is Asmara, whereas the official languages of the country are English, Arabic and Tigrinya. Its population is 6,536,000. Its total area is 117,600 km2. Its HDI is 0.381. Its nominal GDP is $3.881 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $4.647 billion. Famous cities include Massawa, Keren, Nefasit, Zula, among others.

6.   Palau
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Small island country of Palau comes at number 6 on this list. It gained its independence on 1st October, 1994. Having voted against joining the Federated States of Micronesia in 1979, the islands gained full sovereignty in 1994 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Its capital is Ngerulmud, Melekeok State, whereas the official languages of the country are English and Palauan. Its population is 18,000. Its total area is 465.55 km2. Its HDI is 0.775. Its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $164 million. It has got one prominent city, which is Koror. Besides, it has several towns and villages like Airai, Meyungs, Choll, etc.

5.   East Timor
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The fifth latest country as of now to gain independence, among all the countries in the world, is East Timor. It gained its independence on 1st October, 1994, from Portugal and Indonesia. Its capital is Dili, whereas the official languages of the country are Portuguese and Tetum. Its population is 1,172,390. Its total area is 15,007 km2. Its HDI is 0.775.Its nominal GDP is $1.293 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $164 million. Famous cities include Baucau, Suai, Aileu, etc.

4.   Montenegro
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The country which comes at number 4 in this list is Montenegro. It gained its independence on 3rd June, 2006 from Serbia and Montenegro. Its capital is Dili, whereas the official languages of the country are Portuguese and Tetum. Its population is 703,208. Its total area is 13,812 km2. Its HDI is 0.789.Its nominal GDP is $4.66 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $9.499 billion. Some of its important cities are Podgorica, Budva, Tivat, Cetinje, etc.

3.   Serbia
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Serbia is the third latest country to gain independence as of 2014. It gained its independence on 5th June, 2006 from Serbia and Montenegro. Its capital is Belgrade, whereas the official language of the country is Serbian. Its population is 7,209,764. Its total area is 88,361 km2. Its HDI is 0.745. Its nominal GDP is $42.648 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $90.746 billion. Prominent cities include Subotica, Nis, Novi Sad, Zrenjanin, among others.

2.   Kosovo 
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Kosovo grabs the second position in this list. It gained its independence on 17th February, 2008. Its capital is Pristina, whereas the official languages of the country are Albanian and Serbian Its population is 1,859,203. Its total area is 10,908 km2. Its HDI is 0.786.Its nominal GDP is $7.813 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $90.746 billion. Famous cities include Pec, Prizren, Gjilan, Decan, etc.

 

10.   South Sudan

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The newest country in the world right now, that is, as of the end of 2014 is South Sudan. It gained its independence on 9th July, 2011 from Serbia and Montenegro. Its capital is Juba, whereas the official language of the country is English. Its total area is 619,745 km2. Its HDI is 0.789.Its nominal GDP is $13.781 billion, while its Purchasing Power Parity GDP is $21.378 billion. Its prominent cities are Malakal, Wau, Yei, etc.