With the advancement in science and technology, humans have started establishing well-versed and high buildings.We can define a building as a human-made structure used or intended to support and shelter any use or continuous occupancy. This article has attempted to present list of 10 most ancient buildings in the world.These are really the masterpieces of human skills and handwork. Some of the buildings mentioned here are amazingly constructed and their architect is simply attractive. Today, we become astonished to how human beings have played vital role in gifting the world with several marvels.
10. Minoan Palace of Knossos, Greece
The palace of Knossos used to serve as the political center of the Minoan civilization. This was established in early 20th century and partially restored under the direction of Arthur Evans. The size of this Greece palace has exceeded today than what it used to be during the days of its original construction. This led to the discovery of two ancient scripts: Linear A and Linear B. This palace, it is said, was abandoned during the era of the Late Bronze Age, ca. 1380–1100 BC. There is no specific information about the occasion but this is considered that it was later on occupied by Mycenaean Greeks.
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9. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
Also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, the Great Pyramid of Giza, is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis, Egypt. It has its borders with El Giza, and is one of the seven wonders of ancient times. It attracts the eyes of countless people all over the world. According to Egyptologists, this was founded as the tomb of 4th dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and served like the one for over twenty years, while the period came to an end by 2560 BCE. Initially at 146.5 meters (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was titled as the largest man-made structure and this got the title for more than four centuries.
8. Pyramid of Djoser, Egypt
Located in Saqqara necropolis, Egypt, the Pyramid of Djoser was constructed during 27th century by Imhotep for burying Pharaoh Djoser. It is the very first of its kind Egyptian pyramid, consisted of six mastabas that are present on the top of the structure.
It originally stood 62 meters tall, with a base of 109 m × 125 m and was made beautiful with the help of white limestone and precious tiles. The step pyramid is uniquely founded, and the structure is dating back till 3000 BC in the city of Caral, Peru.
7. Tarxien Temples, Malta
The Tarxien Temples are an archaeological complex in Tarxien, Malta. They were formed in 3150 BC. The site is accepted as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1980. It consists of three well structured and attractive temples with the main entrance having its construction dating back from 1956. During those days, the entire site was restored, but many of its small or large pieces have been kept at the Museum of Archaeology in Valletta. The first temple dates back from 3100 BC and is one of the well decorated temples ever made.
6. La Hougue Bie, Jersey
The La Hougue Bie is a historic site, having a museum in the Parish of Grouville, Jersey. It was constructed in around 3500 BC. The site has 18.6 meter long passage chamber that has been covered by a 12.2 meter high earth mound. It was excavated in 1925 by the Société Jersiaise. In Western Europe, it is considered to be one of the prominent and well preserved graves, and by look it is very impressive monument of Armorican Passage Grave group. During World War II, it served like an underground command bunker.
5. Tumulus of Bougon, France
The Tumulus of Bougon or Necropolis of Bougon is a group of five Neolithic barrows (Tumulus A, B, C, D, E, F) located in Bougon, France. These were first discovered in 1840 and have become a site of scientific research. For protecting the monument, the site has been acquired by the department of Deux-Sèvres since 1873. Excavations resumed in the late 1960s. its oldest structure dates back from 4800 BC.
4. Dhamek Stupa, India
The Dhamek Stupa is one of the massive stupas. This is situated at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was founded in 500 CE as a replacement of the structure of the great Mauryan king Ashoka in 249 BCE, and commemorates the Buddha’s activities in this location. Stupas originate as circular mounds encircled by large and beautiful stones. The stupas were founded under the supervision of king Ashoka who played important part in enshrining of the small pieces within the building.
3.Sanchi Stupa, India
The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures ever built. It is present in India and was commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in 3rd century. The nucleus is quite simple yet attractive, with hemispherical brick structures built over the relic of the Buddha. It is known as a marvelous structure of the country that attracts the eyes of countless international tourists. Its construction was done under the supervision of Ashoka’s first wife, Samragyi (Empress) Vidisha Devi.
2.Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak, Bulgaria
The Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak is a vaulted brickwork “beehive” tomb near Kazanlak in central Bulgaria. It lies close to the ancient Thracian capital of Seuthopolis, and is one of the oldest buildings in the world. The tomb is a part of the big Thracian necropolis, comprising of narrow corridors and a round burial chamber – both of which are beautiful formed and represent a Thracian couple at ritual funeral feasts. It tracks its history back from 4th century and is currently one of the UNESCO heritage sites since 1979.
The Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece. It was built for presenting dedication to the maiden goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. The construction was started in 4th century, although the building was completed by 5th century. It is an excellent surviving building of Classical Greece, and has been the symbol of beauty of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy, western civilizations, and cultural values of the country.